National Focal Points

Mr. Tojonirina Ramarolahy

Head of Business Services, Environment, Maritime and Sustainable Development

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Mr. Todisoa Manankasina

Climate Vulnerable Forum National Focal Point, Ministry of Environment, Ecology, Sea and Forests

Ministère de l'Environnement et des Forêts (MEEFT)


National Climate Change Actions

Summarized Information derived from Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) submitted by parties

Emissions mitigation: Reduce GHG emissions by 14% (in relation to GHG emissions BAU levels (2000)) by 2030 conditional to external support in sectors of energy, agriculture, LULUCF and waste. Adaptation: Priority actions: 1) Finalisation and implementation of the National Adaptation Plan; 2) Strengthen climate change adaptation mainstreaming in all strategic/framework documents; 3) Multi-hazard early warning systems primarily that mainly consider cyclones, floods, drought and the public health surveillance; 4) Effective application of existing or newly established sectorial policies: flood and cyclone-resistant hydro-agricultural infrastructures standards, cyclone resistant buildings standards, flood-resistant terrestrial transport infrastructure standards, local for climate hazard community guideline for Water-Sanitation-Hygiene + 18 other highlighted priority actions.

Population (2015)

24.2 million

United Nations Population Division

GNI per capita (2016)


World Bank

PPP current international dollar

Emissions per capita (2014)

1.338 tons

Climate Analytics

Annual tons of CO2 equivalent per capita including land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) and all Kyoto Protocol greenhouse gases

Climate Vulnerability Level


Climate Vulnerability Level

Multi-dimensional climate change vulnerability for 2030 (2012).

Climate/Disaster Displacement

51 thousand displaced by climate related disasters (2016)


Mortality attributable to joint effects of household and ambient air pollution (2015)

20,618.4 (85.2 per 100 000)

World Health Organization

Climate change attributable deaths (2015) (Data by region 2004)


World Health Organization

Climate change attributable deaths for children under 5 (2015) (Data by region 2004)


World Health Organization

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